Khurda and Cuttack are among top 20 districts with high prevalence high blood sugar level among 284 districts of nine states which were part of the latest clinical, anthropometric and biochemical (CAB) survey conducted by the Registrar General of India.
The top twenty districts were found to have higher than 150 mg/dl (150 milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood) which is considered a major contributor to diabetes.
In a reflection of growing burden non-communicable diseases, 14 of the 30 district in the state figure in the list of top 100 districts for high blood sugar level, which is second highest after 29 districts of Uttar Pradesh. According to doctors, it is a reflection of changing lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits.
Sambalpur with 3.8% population above 18 years age having very high blood sugar level (>150 mg/dl which means diabetic), is placed fourth in the list. Dhanbad (6.5%) of Jharkhand tops the list. Total 3.2% in Khurda and 3.1% people in Cuttack have blood sugar above 150 mg/dl.
The normal range of blood sugar is 70 mg/dl to 100 mg/dl. In the category of >120 mg/dl, Sambalpur is ranked sixth with 7.5% population while Khurda comes 44th (5%). For >110 mg/dl, Khurda (14%), is ranked 14th while Cuttack comes 47th with 11.6% people. These are much higher compared to findings of an earlier survey in the 1990s where the percentage varied from 0.8% in rural areas to 8% in urban areas.
Keonjhar and Sundargarh Have Highest Blood Pressure Incidents
Keonjhar (39.6%) and Sundargarh (34%) figure in the list of top 10 districts with highest above normal range blood pressure level; while Keonjhar comes third, Sundargarh is placed ninth. Kendrapada (27.3%) figures 47th in the list.
Dr. Vikas Bhatia, a professor of community medicine at AIIMS Bhubaneswar, said the survey findings are not surprising but certainly raise great concern.
“It’s a twin battle. While we are yet to come out of the cycles of infections and communicable diseases such as malaria and diarrhea, lifestyle diseases are rearing their ugly heads,” he said.
Bhatia said there is a need for a more focused approach to create awareness at school and college level so that people have more physically active lifestyle, reduce intake of salts, sweets, and oils.
Dr Alok Kanungo, who was part of a 1990 study in coastal Odisha that had found diabetes prevalence at 0.8 per cent, said the increase is alarming more particularly because the state doesn’t have enough doctors trained for early detection and treatment of diabetes. The focus almost must be on greater public awareness, he said.
The doctors said diabetes and blood pressure are risk factors for so many other diseases, including heart diseases and chronic kidney failure, among others.
Health minister Atanu Sabyasachi Nayak had told the assembly in the last session that 4.5 lakh people in Odisha suffered from heart diseases.
The government offers free screening and treatment for diabetes to people in 20 of the 30 districts under the central-sponsored National Program for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases and Stroke.
Courtesy: The Times of India